Independent Stores vs. Chain Stores in Downtown Toronto Developments

There is a commonly held view that new buildings in Toronto are creating a Starbucks and Subway Restaurant-filled commercial monoculture. This study undertook a visual survey of the Downtown Area to compare businesses in new and old mixed use mid-rise and tower buildings. The study showed that independent businesses comprise 64% of commercial units in downtown mixed-use residential/commercial buildings. When compared to older mixed-use residential/commercial buildings in Downtown Toronto, new developments reduce the percentage of independent commercial businesses, by around 10%. 

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